Close to 100 % of the population over 15 years is literate. There are two universities in the provincial capital of Blagojevgrad (one American) and an opera. There are several libraries, museums and art galleries. The area has a very interesting traditional architecture, with historical centres in Melnik, Blagojevgrad and Bansko, amply reflected in many of the small villages, while the bigger cities are less interesting architectonically. There are several medieval monasteries and fortresses.

The folk culture of the Pirin area is well known, both in the traditional costumes, the local celebrations, and especially in song and music (“The angelic voices of Pirin”).

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