Mineral springs

Next to Japan and Italy, Bulgaria is the country in the world with most mineral springs. The Pirin area is one of the main centres for the more than 800 mineral springs existing in Bulgaria. Sandanski is the most important in the South Struma Valley, with a total flow of 1.500 l/min. from several wells and natural springs. There are a number of Spas and Wellness Centres built up around the springs, attending to a number of illnesses and health problems.

The many mineral waters

In a world where the fresh water supply is decreasing and the open water basins may be polluted due to deteriorating ecological conditions, more and more people are turning to bottled mineral and spring water. Easy to carry if you walk, bicycle, motor or swim; in the office, at home or in the street, the bottle of mineral water has become a new status symbol.

Bottled mineral water comes in many variations. Since each spring gives water with a different mineral cocktail, some waters have curative effect on certain illnesses, but can be damaging to other persons. A pregnant women, a young child or an elderly person may need different minerals and quantities of water.

The great interest in bottled water in Europe has led to certain commercial companies taking water from rivers, cleaning and bottling it. With a good name and an attractive bottle many consumers buy this water, without knowing its real origin and content. And who reads and understands the declaration of content on the water bottles?

Mineral water is a science, with specialist laboratories investigating the composition of each water, while medical doctors in the Spas decides what waters should be drunk in which quantities by each individual person, in relation to the ailments that person may have.

Not only for drinking

Mineral waters are not only used for drinking, but also for bathing, in tubs combined with water massage, or in swimming pools. Since the water coming out of the deep, subterranean springs often is hot, the curative effect is increased. One of the wells drilled in Sandanski is 1,100 metre deep, and the water has a temperature from 42 to 81 degrees.

Often the treatment with water is combined with mud baths or mud packages, aromatherapies and thalassotherapies. The curing of illnesses has become combined with prophylaxies, physical fitness and beauty.

The old-fashioned Spas are becoming modern Wellness Centres.

The Struma Valley has a great number of mineral water springs, from Blagojevgrad in the north, over Simitli, Dolna Gradeshnitsa in the municipality of Kresna, Sandanski, Levunovo, Rupite and Marikostionovo. Drillings have also been made in other municipalities, with positive results.

The South Struma Valley has a unique climate, with the highest temperatures in Bulgaria throughout the year and clean, dry air. Sandanski has a medium temperature of (14.7 °C), that is the highest in Bulgaria. The winter is mild and short, and the autumn – long and warm. The relative air humidity is low (66 per cent), the number of sunny hours is 2,436. The area has also the lowest annual rainfall in Bulgaria (127 litres per square metre) and almost no foggy days. The air is remarkably clean and pollution free.

That is why Sandanski is not only a Spa, but has also been declared a climate therapy and health resort.